The Peloponnesian War by Donald KaganFor three decades in the fifth century B.C. the ancient world was torn apart by a conflict that was as dramatic, divisive, and destructive as the world wars of the twentieth century: the Peloponnesian War. Donald Kagan, one of the world’s most respected classical, political, and military historians, here presents a new account of this vicious war of Greek against Greek, Athenian against Spartan. The Peloponnesian War is a magisterial work of history written for general readers, offering a fresh examination of a pivotal moment in Western civilization. With a lively, readable narrative that conveys a richly
detailed portrait of a vanished world while honoring its timeless relevance, The Peloponnesian War is a chronicle of the rise and fall of a great empire and of a dark time whose lessons still resonate today.
What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War?
The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta , went to war with each other from to B. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece , favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age of Ancient Greece. In reality, the league also granted increased power and prestige to Athens. It was only a matter of time before the two powerful leagues collided. It became a year conflict between Athens and Sparta and their allies.
Peloponnesian War , — bce , war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece , Athens and Sparta. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state.
A form of power structure in which a small group of people hold all power and influence in a state. The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4 th century BCE. Lysander, the Spartan admiral who commanded the Spartan fleet at Aegospotami in BCE, helped to organize the Thirty Tyrants as a government for the 13 months they maintained power. The Thirty appointed a council of to serve the judicial functions that had formerly belonged to all citizens. Despite all this, not all Athenian men had their rights removed.
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from until BC. The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea. By BC, when the League's treasury was transferred to Athens, the alliance had become an empire in all but name. Over the next two decades it began treating its fellow members as ruled subjects rather than partners, and fought several short wars to force members who wanted to leave the League to rejoin it. In BC, when Athens signed a treaty of mutual protection with Corcyra modern-day Corfu - one of the few other city-states with a major navy of its own - Sparta and its allies interpreted the move as an act of provocation. A year later Sparta cancelled its peace treaty with Athens.