Quick Answer: Why Do We Need To Protect Traditional Knowledge?

What is the meaning of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge refers to: knowledge or practices passed down from generation to generation that form part of the traditions or heritage of Indigenous communities.

knowledge or practice for which Indigenous communities act as the guardians or custodians..

What is an example of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others.

Why should traditional knowledge be considered for protection under the IP regime?

On this basis there are five reasons why TK should be protected; these are: Equity, Conservation of biodiversity, preservation of traditional practices, prevention of biopiracy, and importance of TK in development. Equity TK generates value that is currently inadequately recognized and compensated.

What is traditional knowledge system in India?

Traditional Knowledge (TK) is the awareness, experience, expertise, knowledge and applications that are established, continued, performed and passed on from generation to generation within a region or community, often forming a part of its cultural, social or spiritual identity.

How many years right of a patent owner is protected?

twenty yearsExclusive rights: Patents provide you with an exclusive right to prevent or stop others from commercially exploiting an invention for twenty years from the date of filing of the patent application.

Can yoga be patented?

The U.S. Patent Office maintains that it has not given out patents for yoga routines but has granted numerous patents for yoga-related products. Nevertheless, India — the country that boasts of having invented yoga — is aiming to keep the ancient practice free of commercial entanglements and ownership.

What is traditional knowledge database bank?

Specifically TKDL is a database to understand the codified knowledge existing for the Indian Systems of Medicine including Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Yoga as prior art. TKDL is also not the prior art in itself; the Books on Indian Systems of Medicine are the prior art which act as the source of information for TKDL.

How many types of traditional knowledge are there?

Traditional knowledge can be found in a wide variety of contexts, including: agricultural, scientific, technical, ecological and medicinal knowledge as well as biodiversity-related knowledge.

Why is indigenous knowledge important?

Indigenous knowledge is the basis for local level decision-making in food security, human and animal health, education, NRM, and other vital economic and social activities. … IK is based on empirical experience and is embedded in both biophysical and social contexts, and cannot easily be removed from them.

What are the connection of indigenous knowledge to science and technology?

Indigenous peoples, with their decades of personal experience combined with that of their ancestors, harbour vast knowledge about the environment and the ecological relationships within them. Tremendous opportunities exist where such knowledge can contribute to modern science and natural resource management.

How traditional knowledge is protected in India?

India’s TKDL is a unique tool that plays a critical role in protecting the country’s traditional knowledge. 1 Prior art constitutes all information made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent’s claim of novelty and inventiveness.

What is the basic objective of protection of traditional knowledge Bill 2016?

The Traditional Knowledge Act of 2016 in Kenya mainly seeks to protect and enhance intellectual property in and indigenous knowledge of biodiversity and genetic resources, ensure that communities receive compensation or royalties for use of their TK.

What are abuses of traditional knowledge?

Abuses of traditional knowledge include: • unlicensed and unauthorized commercialization of traditional knowledge; • taking images, such as photographs, film and video of Indigenous peoples, their way of life, et cetera; • using, reproducing or copying indigenous names, images and arts without permission; • use and …

What makes a person indigenous?

Indigenous peoples are the holders of unique languages, knowledge systems and beliefs and possess invaluable knowledge of practices for the sustainable management of natural resources. They have a special relation to and use of their traditional land.

Why should we protect traditional knowledge?

Why Traditional Knowledge must be protected? Need to protect traditional knowledge have increased with changing time, especially in order to stop unauthorized and commercial misuse of such knowledge. It is important to protect the indigenous people from such loss and also help them to preserve such ancient practices.

How is traditional knowledge protected?

When community members innovate within the traditional knowledge framework, they may use the patent system to protect their innovations. However, traditional knowledge as such – knowledge that has ancient roots and is often informal and oral – is not protected by conventional intellectual property systems.

What are the characteristics of traditional knowledge?

TK refers to the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations. It is not limited to any specific technical field, and may include agricultural, environmental, and medicinal knowledge, and knowledge associated with genetic resources.