Bloody Mary: The Life of Mary Tudor by Carolly EricksonErickson lost a lot of my goodwill with her preface to this edition (1998), when she said that she didnt feel the need to update the text from its original form (1978) because none of the scholarship had changed. In fact, its changed dramatically-- both between 1978 and 1998 and from 1998 to now. Immediately I was worried that this book would just be stale and untimely, but that ended up being the least of its problems.
Also in the preface, Erickson says that she called the books in this series Bloody Mary, Mistress Anne, Great Harry, and Fair Eliza because thats how contemporaries knew their respective subjects. With respect to Mary I, that is just... not true. The nickname Bloody Mary arose after her death. It isnt a good sign when your readers finish the preface already having noticed two major issues with your work-- and unfortunately that kind of slipshod scholarship permeates this entire book. An egregious and obvious example is Ericksons use of source material; she leans heavily on Foxes writings, which are about 18 different kinds of unreliable, but never notes for the reader that, e.g.: (1) the writings were published after Marys death; (2) they were based on secondhand information at best, particularly regarding Marys personal life; (3) Foxe was an ardent protestant with specific reason to loathe Mary and her policies; and (4) Foxe was furthermore writing during the reign of a monarch (Elizabeth I) at pains to propagandize her reverse of Marys policies, including a return to protestantism and, eventually, a war with Spain. In fact, most of this book is dedicated to the protestant-catholic conflict that the author suggests (beginning with the very title of the book) defines Mary and her reign. Even if you take that as true, there are frankly far superior books on that conflict. Contributing to my lack of enjoyment was the fact that I happened to be reading one such superior book-- Fires of Faith: Catholic England Under Mary Tudor-- at the same time.
Erickson has a bad habit of implying or even boldly asserting facts with little relation to reality-- and not just about Mary herself. Erickson argues that Henry VIII wrote his Assertio for shaky political reasons rather than theological interest, bizarrely suggesting that he did it because he was envious that the French monarch got the title of Most Christian and he wanted a title of his own. Ive read the Assertio and other primary sources myself, and I second the overwhelming consensus in the historiography that Henry actually was a person of deep religious conviction, especially in his youth. Flippantly saying otherwise without substantiation is another credibility blow, to my mind; but then Erickson tops herself with the (equally unsubstantiated) claim that Catherine of Aragon died of grief, because her heart was blackened and had a large tumor on it when her autopsy was performed. This might hop right over unscientific into anti-scientific. Literally every modern source I have ever read concludes that Catherine probably died of cancer. Ericksons treatment of Marys ailments is no better; she attributes much of the Queens ill health to melancholia and offers nothing of interest as to why Mary had two false pregnancies. Her lone conclusion is that Mary may have had irregular menstrual periods, like her mother.
Overall, what concerns me about this book is that readers might very well walk away less informed than they were when they opened it. You have to know a bit about Mary already to recognize the problematic use of sources and the ill-founded conclusions that contradict quality scholarship elsewhere. Honestly, anyone looking for a trustworthy but readable exploration of this period would do better to pick up just about anything by Alison Weir rather than this book.
Who Invented the Bloody Mary Drink? (and Who is it Really Named After)
Why Did Mary I Become Known as ‘Bloody Mary’?
The first queen regnant of England, Mary succeeded the English throne following the death of her half-brother Edward VI in Mary is remembered for burning an estimated Protestant men, women and children during her reign, which caused her to be known posthumously as 'Bloody Mary'. We bring you eight facts about the Tudor monarch…. Henry VIII claimed that the marriage had been incestuous and illegal, as Catherine had been married to his late brother, Arthur. Mary was denied access to her mother, who had been sent by Henry to live away from court, and never saw her again. Mary was later named heir to the throne after her younger half-brother Edward — but only after she had agreed to recognise their father as head of the church.
Oct 25, This unfortunate nickname was thanks to her persecution of Protestant heretics, whom she burned at the stake in the hundreds. While hundreds died under Mary’s reign, her dark legacy may have as much to do with the fact that she was a Catholic monarch succeeded by a Protestant.
le petit prince quotes in french
Mary took the throne in , reigning as the first queen regnant of England and Ireland. Seeking to return England to the Catholic Church, she persecuted hundreds of Protestants and earned the moniker "Bloody Mary. James Palace in London on November 17, She was baptized as a Catholic shortly after her birth. Tutored by her mother and scholars, she excelled in music and language. In , Henry named her Princess of Wales and sent his daughter to live on the Welsh border, while he continuously tried to negotiate a marriage for her. After Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth, she feared Mary would pose a challenge to the succession to the throne and successfully pressed for an act of Parliament to declare Mary illegitimate.
Mary succeeded her short-lived half-brother , Edward VI , to the English throne. She was the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Mary is remembered for briefly re-making England a Roman Catholic country. Mary had almost disagreeing religious people burned at the stake  , which are recorded in John Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Due to this, many called her " Bloody Mary ". When her half sister on her fathers side Elizabeth I , came to the throne after Mary's death, she made England Protestant again. She burned anyone who refused to renounce their faith back to Roman Catholicim at the Stake.