The Spanish Inquisition Quotes by Henry Kamen
What Was the Spanish Inquisition?
Nobody expected it, but the brutal period of religious persecution, torture and burnings at the stake raged for over years. The Catholic monarchs wished their country to unite under one religion and one culture. It may be the most remembered, but other inquisitions had existed since the 12th century, designed to combat religious sectarianism. The Medieval Inquisition, for example, was developed by the Roman Catholic Church to suppress heresy. During the 14th century, these inquisitions had expanded to other European countries including Spain, which set up its own, this time controlled by the crown and not the church. Originally, the Inquisition was to ensure that those who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism or Islam had done so properly. This regulation intensified after two royal decrees were issued in and ordering Jews and Muslims to choose baptism or exile.
Spanish Inquisition , — , judicial institution ostensibly established to combat heresy in Spain. In practice, the Spanish Inquisition served to consolidate power in the monarchy of the newly unified Spanish kingdom, but it achieved that end through infamously brutal methods. Thousands were burned at the stake under Torquemada , the most notorious of the grand inquisitors, and tens of thousands were killed during the forced expulsion of Moriscos Spanish Muslims who had been baptized as Christians which began in When the Inquisition opened an investigation in an area, inquisitors typically would offer comparatively light penances to those who were willing to admit their own involvement in heresy. At this trial, the accused received no assistance to defend themselves, they were frequently ignorant of the charges against them, and confessions were often obtained through coercion, confiscation of property, or torture. The accused would then be handed over to civil authorities for the carrying out of the sentence. It remains one of the congregations of the Roman Curia and concerns itself primarily with questions of Roman Catholic dogma and doctrine.
The Inquisition was a powerful office set up within the Catholic Church to root out and punish heresy throughout Europe and the Americas. Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its persecution of Jews and Muslims. Its worst manifestation was in Spain, where the Spanish Inquisition was a dominant force for more than years, resulting in some 32, executions. The Inquisition has its origins in the early organized persecution of non-Catholic Christian religions in Europe. These efforts continued into the 14th Century.
The Spanish Inquisition was the inquisition in Spain that was state managed to maintain Jewish and Muslim allegiance to the Catholic orthodoxy in the 15th century. Originally, the inquisition was to ensure full adherence to Catholicism by the forcible conversion of people who practiced Judaism and Islam called "conversos". This stern was intensified between and when Muslims and Jews were forced to convert or leave Spain. The inquisition started when a Dominican friar known as Fray Alonso de Ojeda convinced the then Queen that conversos practiced Judaism secretly. Ferdinand and Isabella asked the Pope Sixtus IV to establish an inquisition of which the pope wanted the inquisitors to be priests who were forty years of age, but Ferdinand appointed one of the rulers from the monarch. The inquisition began with the repression of conversos and the expulsion of the Jews.