Anti-Federalist Papers Quotes by Founding Fathers
#6 The Federalists vs the Anti Federalists
Anti-Federalists , in early U. Constitution of and whose agitations led to the addition of a Bill of Rights. In North Carolina and Rhode Island they prevented ratification of the Constitution until after the new government had been established. Stilling their opposition in order to support the first administration of U. George Washington , the Anti-Federalists in became the nucleus of the Jeffersonian Republican Party subsequently Democratic-Republican , finally Democratic as strict constructionists of the new Constitution and in opposition to a strong national fiscal policy.
Anti-Federalism was a lateth century movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U. The previous constitution, called the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union , gave state governments more authority. Led by Patrick Henry of Virginia, Anti-Federalists worried, among other things, that the position of president, then a novelty, might evolve into a monarchy. Though the Constitution was ratified and supplanted the Articles of Confederation, Anti-Federalist influence helped lead to the passage of the United States Bill of Rights. During the American Revolution and its immediate aftermath, the term federal was applied to any person who supported the colonial union and the government formed under the Articles of Confederation. After the war, the group that felt the national government under the Articles was too weak appropriated the name Federalist for themselves. Historian Jackson Turner Main wrote, "to them, the man of 'federal principles' approved of 'federal measures,' which meant those that increased the weight and authority or extended the influence of the Confederation Congress.
The Anti-Federalists opposed ratification of the Constitution and were typified by:. A series of articles appeared in the Poughkeepsie Country Journal from November, , through January, , usually titled Letters from the Federal Farmer. Although unsigned, it is generally believe that they were written by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia. This series of essays was probably the most widely known expression of anti-federalist views. The first letter ends:. Anti-Federalists were concerned that the constitution did not equally divide power among the three branches of government.
Anti-Federalists, in early U.S. history, a loose political coalition of popular politicians, such as Patrick Henry, who unsuccessfully opposed the.
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The anti-Federalists and their opposition to ratifying the Constitution were a powerful force in the origin of the Bill of Rights to protect Amercians' civil liberties. The anti-Federalists were chiefly concerned with too much power invested in the national government at the expense of states. Howard Chandler Christy's interpretation of the signing of the Constitution, painted in The Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the U. Constitution because they feared that the new national government would be too powerful and thus threaten individual liberties, given the absence of a bill of rights. Their opposition was an important factor leading to the adoption of the First Amendment and the other nine amendments that constitute the Bill of Rights. The Constitution, drafted at the Constitutional Convention of , needed to be ratified by nine or more state conventions and by all states that wanted to take part in the new government.
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