Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom by Catherine ClintonCelebrated for her courageous exploits as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman has entered history as one of nineteenth-century Americas most enduring and important figures. But just who was this remarkable woman? To John Brown, leader of the Harpers Ferry slave uprising, she was General Tubman. For the many slaves she led north to freedom, she was Moses. To the slaveholders who sought her capture, she was a thief and a trickster. To abolitionists, she was a prophet. Now, in a biography widely praised for its impeccable research and its compelling narrative, Harriet Tubman is revealed for the first time as a singular and complex character, a woman who defied simple categorization.
Harriet Ross was born into slavery in or , in Dorchester County, Maryland. Harriet Tubman was married to John Tubman when she was about 24 years old. John was a free black man. Harriet Tubman was a disabled person. She had Narcolepsy or sleeping spells. She could fall asleep any time and any place. This was caused by a severe blow to the head by a 2-pound iron weight thrown at another enslaved African, but it hit Harriet in the head when she was about 12 years old.
Harriet Tubman. Wikimedia Commons There are some important things about Harriet Tubman that your teacher forgot to mention while you were in school. Aside from helping her family and thousands more escape slavery, she led troops in combat, cured a disease, and was generally way more badass than history generally portrays her. Born Araminta "Minty" Ross in Maryland around , "Harriet" adopted her mother's name after escaping slavery. She lived a remarkably full life, especially for an African-American woman of that time period. She lived to the ripe age of 91, dying at a charity home she founded in Auburn, New York. Since few slaves were literate, the route of the Underground Railroad had to be accessible to everyone.
Harriet Tubman was a famous abolitionist who won renown for her exploits in guiding her fellow slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad. She also served the Union Army during the Civil War as a scout and a spy. Read these ten incredible facts to expand your knowledge gain a greater understanding of this icon of the abolitionist movement. Because of the cruelty of her various masters, she desired to somehow escape from bondage from a very early age, and free others as well. She would later recall, "I had seen their tears and sighs, and I had heard their groans, and would give every drop of blood in my veins to free them. As she was doing errands, an overseer tried to stop a runaway slave by throwing a two-pound weight at him. He hit Tubman instead, who was standing nearby the runaway, and caused her skull to crack, which affected her health for the rest of her life, often in the form of seizures.
Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross. She would later adopt the name "Harriet" after her mother: Harriet Ross. The surname Tubman comes from her first husband, John Tubman, who she married in
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She led hundreds of bondmen to freedom in the North along the route of the Underground Railroad an elaborate secret network of safe houses organized for that purpose. Harriet Tubman is credited with conducting upward of fugitive slaves along the Underground Railroad from the American South to Canada. In addition to leading more than fugitive slaves to freedom, Harriet Tubman helped ensure the final defeat of slavery in the United States by aiding the Union during the American Civil War. She served as a scout as well as a nurse and a laundress. From early childhood she worked variously as a maid, a nurse, a field hand, a cook, and a woodcutter. About she married John Tubman, a free black. In , on the strength of rumours that she was about to be sold, Tubman fled to Philadelphia , leaving behind her husband, parents, and siblings.