History of montgomery bus boycott

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history of montgomery bus boycott

The Story of The Montgomery Bus Boycott by R. Conrad Stein

The Cornerstones of Freedom detail important events in United States history. Children are given the sense of being witnesses to history-in-the-making and contemporaries of famous people who helped shape the United States into the world power it is today. Starting with the Spring 1992 titles, a brand-new format has been introduced using more photographs (many in full-color), historical engravings, and an easy-to-read typeface. Many popular previously published titles will be updated in this new format. Each book includes an index.
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The Montgomery Bus Boycott

The white section of the bus had filled, so the driver asked Parks to give up her seat in the designated black section of the bus to accommodate a white passenger. When it became apparent after several minutes of argument that Parks would not relent, the bus driver called the police.
R. Conrad Stein

Montgomery Bus Boycott

On a cold December evening in , Rosa Parks quietly incited a revolution by just sitting down. She was tired after spending the day at work as a department store seamstress. She stepped onto the bus for the ride home and sat in the fifth row the first row of the " Colored Section. In Montgomery, Alabama, when a bus became full, the seats nearer the front were given to white passengers. Montgomery bus driver James Blake ordered Parks and three other African Americans seated nearby to move "Move y'all, I want those two seats," to the back of the bus. The following excerpt of what happened next is from Douglas Brinkley's Rosa Park's biography.

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The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a civil-rights protest during which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating. The boycott took place from December 5, , to December 20, , and is regarded as the first large-scale U. Four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, was arrested and fined for refusing to yield her bus seat to a white man. The U. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system, and one of the leaders of the boycott, a young pastor named Martin Luther King, Jr.

Rosa Parks's Symbolic Bus Ride, Made famous by Rosa Parks 's refusal to give her seat to a white man, the Montgomery bus boycott was one of the defining events of the civil rights movement. Beginning in , the month nonviolent protest by the black citizens of Montgomery to desegregate the city's public bus system, Montgomery City Lines. Its success led to a November Supreme Court decision overturning segregated transportation that was legalized by the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling, an area left untouched by the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas decision to desegregate public schools.

The day bus boycott also brought the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. The event that triggered the boycott took place in Montgomery on December 1, , after seamstress Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white passenger on a city bus. Local laws dictated that African American passengers sat at the back of the bus while whites sat in front. If the white section became full, African Americans had to give up their seats in the back. When Parks refused to move to give her seat to a white rider, she was taken to jail; she was later bailed out by a local civil rights leader.

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