Sri Guru Granth Sahib by Guru NanakThe Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: ???? ????? ????? [???u ???nt? s?h?b]), is the sovereign active living Guru of the Sikhs. It is a voluminous text of 1430 pages, compiled and composed during the period of Sikh gurus, from 1469 to 1708.
The text remains the holy scripture of the Sikhs, regarded as the teachings of the Ten Gurus. The role of Guru Granth Sahib, as a source or guide of prayer, is pivotal in Sikh worship.
It is written in the Gurmukhi script, in various dialects – including Lehndi Punjabi, Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Sanskrit and Persian – often coalesced under the generic title of Sant Bhasha.
Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib , Sikhism 's holy scripture and everlasting Guru, is a collection of Ang a respectful term for pages , containing 3, poetic hymns, or shabads , including swayas , sloks , and vars , or ballads, composed by 43 authors in 31 raags of in the melodious hue of classical Indian music. Fifth Guru Arjun Dev compiled the first draft of scripture known as Adi Granth in and installed it in Harmandir, known today as the Golden Temple. Adi Granth remained with the gurus until the imposter Dhir Mal, took it hoping that by possessing the Granth, he could succeed as guru. Tenth Guru Gobind Singh dictated the entire scripture of Adi Granth from memory to his scribes adding his father's hymns and one of his own compositions. His remaining compositions are in the collection Dasam Granth. Seven Sikh gurus composed shabads and sloks which together make up the majority of the collections featured in Guru Granth Sahib:.
It was written by the Six gurus of Sikhism and is itself regarded by Sikhs as the final, sovereign, and eternal living guru. The tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh , added one shloka, dohra mahala 9 ang, and all hymns of his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur. Copies in these languages often have the generic title of Sant Bhasha. The vision in the Guru Granth Sahib is of a society based on divine justice without oppression of any kind. During the time of Guru Nanak Dev , collections of his holy hymns were compiled and sent to distant Sikh communities for use in morning and evening prayers. This tradition was continued by the third and fifth gurus as well. When the fifth guru, Guru Arjan Dev , was collecting religious writings of his predecessor, he discovered that pretenders to the guruship were releasing what he considered as forged anthologies of writings of the previous guru and including their own writings with them.
Guru Granth Sahib is the religious scripture of Sikhism, regarded by Sikhs as the final, sovereign, and eternal living Guru following the lineage of the ten human Gurus of the Sikh religion. This second rendition came to be known as Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The text consists of angs pages and 6, shabads line compositions , which are poetically rendered and set to a rhythmic ancient north Indian classical form of music. The bulk of the scripture is divided into thirty-one ragas, with each Granth raga subdivided according to length and author. The hymns in the scripture are arranged primarily by the ragas in which they are read. Copies in these languages often have the generic title of Sant Bhasha.